Geghard means “spear” in Armenian. The Geghard Monastery is partially carved out of and protrudes from the stone cliffs that surround it. It is named for the spear said to have been used at the Crucifixion to wound Jesus. Although, it was originally called Ayrivank, or the Monastery of the Cave. That name comes from the cave containing a natural spring, which was the reason Gregory the Illuminator founded the monastery at its present site in 1215.