Mongolia is a nation in Asia that is bordered by both China and Russia. The capital city is the uniquely named Ulaanbaatar. It is named after the founder Genghis Khan, a famous Mongol conqueror from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Mongolia has a fascinating history, since it has been inhabited by different civilizations for over forty thousand years. It is also famous for having gorgeous weather, with over two hundred and fifty clear sunny days each year.